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ABOUT COLOMBIA

ABOUT COLOMBIA

Vanessa Álvarez Roncancio
Pnn El Cocuy,Boyacá

General Information:

  • Population: 47 Million
  • Currency: Peso COP $
  • 141.748 km2 of vallyes, mountains, snow peaks, shores and rainforests
  • 660 km2 of surrounding oceans

Economy:

  • GDP: US$ 378 billion
  • GDP Per Capita: US$ 7.924
  • The 3rd largest market in Latin America, after Mexico and Brazil
  • Over the past 10 years has become one of the most stable economies in the region.
  • Ranked 6 among global economies with the best perspectives for growth (The Economist)
  • Ranked 34th out of 189 countries by the World Bank Doing Business report
  • Record numbers in foreign investment (2014) with US$ 15.823 billion and exports US$ 60.667 billion

Resources:

  • The world´s sixth largest reserves of freshwater.
  • Home to 10% of the world´s  biodiversity.The largest bird biodiversity in the world with. 1.878 species of birds, butterflies and reptiles
  • Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta is the world´s highest coastal range.
  • Second largest plant biodiversity in the world and second biggest export of  flowers after the Netherlands. 
  • Smoothest and best coffee in the world.
  • Largest producer of the finest emeralds in the world.

Culture:

  • 700 parties, festivals and carnivals that run year - round expressing Colombian identify at its best.
  • 15 UNESCO World Heritage Sites
  • 87 Ethnic groups and 65 different languages
  • Over 70 types of indigenous music

ABOUT BOGOTÁ

Monserrate
Eduardo Andrés Camacho Castilo
Bogotá D.C. Cundinamarca

In less than a few hours, you may find yourself 180 meters underground (at the Salt Cathedral of Zipaquira) and go at the top of a mountain (Monserrate) 3,200 meters above sea level.

General Information:

  • Day average temperature 14°C (57°F)
  • Night average temperature 10°C (50°F)
  • Located in the Andean Mountain range at 2.640 meters above sea level
  • Population 7.6 million share of Colombia´s population: 16:
  • Pleasant all-year-round-spring-like-weather

Economy:

  • GDP: US$ 93.4 billions
  • GDP Per Capita: US$ 12.165
  • Share of Colombia´s international trade: 30.3%
  • Share of national companies of medium and large companies: 54.1%
  • Unemployment rate: 10.1%
  • Named 4th City of the Future by Future by fDi Magazine

Culture:

  • Rock al Parque the largest free: Rock festival in Latin America and the third one worldwide
  • World book capital 2007
  • City Of Music: Member of the Creative Cities Network of UNESCO since 2012
  • Bibliored, comprises 21 establishments acroos the city visited by 4.3 million people per year
  • The Gold Museum holds the world´s largest exhibition of pre-columbian jewelry with more than 34.000 pieces and 25.000 items made out of ceramic, stone, shell, bone and textiles.
  • Iberoamerican Therater Festival the most important theater festival in Latin America, and one of the best in the world.

A green city:

  • “Ciclovias” – Ciclying routes are used by approximately 2 million people (about 30% of the population) on over 120 km of car-free streets
  • The city´s 20 districts contain over 5.016 parks
  • 344 km of network bike paths or “Ciclorutas”
  • Since year 2000 holds an annual car-free day to build a year-round culture of sustainable mobility
  • Fourteen wetlands are distributed throughout the city, totaling 675 hectares

Some Hotels Brands that you will find in Bogotá

Marriott » JW Marriott » Courtyard Marriott » Hilton » Holiday Inn » Holiday Inn Express » Starwood – W » Hyatt » Grand Hyatt » Sofitel Accord » Radisson » Four Points » Cosmos Hotels » Estelar Hotels » BH Hotels » Art Suites » Dann Carlton Hotels » Crowne Plaza » Movich » NH Hotels » Best Western » Aloft Hotel » Four Seasons » Atton

PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM (SITP)

Bogotá has a wide public transportation network you can access using the smart card TuLLAVE. The network includes:

TRANSMILENIO

Travelling by the Tranmilenio’s big, red buses is both straightforward and convenient. The extensive BRT (Bus Rapid Transit) network connects the city's neighborhoods via bus-only avenues located in the center of many of Bogotá’s main roads. With numerous, convenient stations along each route, all you need to ride is a Tullave card, which is valid across the entire network. TransMilenio stations at final stops are equipped with large bicycle parking facilities for cyclists using the system.

URBAN BUSES

Bogotá’s bus system integrates all buses circulating within the city. These buses move through the principal and secondary streets of the city, connecting all the fixed bus stations around Bogotá, creating a vast transportation network for visitors and locals alike. All buses are painted recognizable blue color and can be accessed the using the same TuLlave card used on the Tranmilenio network.

TU LLAVE CARD

In order to access to Bogotá’s public transportation system, visitors will need to purchase a Tullave Smart card. Tullave is the only acceptable payment method for the network, however, cards can be purchased easily at all Tranmilenio stations and at convenience stores all across the city. Tullave cards are rechargeable and and multiple trips can be purchased in advance, making using public transport in Bogotá easy and efficient.

CYCLING

In Bogotá, around 2 million people (30% of the cities population) use bicycles as an alternate mode of transport. Despite its mountainous surrounds, Bogotá’s terrain is predominantly flat, and the cycling infrastructure of the city is excellent. Around 350km of bike paths – more than in any other Latin American city – radiate from the city centre, and progressive legislation has mandated that every new street built in Bogotá must include a bike lane, making cycling a quick and green alternative to automotive transport.

TAXIS

Yellow taxis are a popular form of transport in Bogotá. The general rule of thumb is to call a taxi from a legitimate company rather than hailing one directly from the street. Hotels, restaurants and bars will be more than happy to call one for you if you do not have phone or internet service during your stay. There are also many helpful apps you can download to get a taxi wherever you are. Taxis only accept cash and the tariff is controled by taximeter system.
Ring one of the following numbers

  • Radio Taxi: +57 (1) 288 8888
  • Taxi Real: +57 (1) 333 3333
  • Taxatélite: +57 (1) 222 2222
  • Taxis Libres: +57 (1) 311 1111
  • Taxi Express: +57 (1) 411 1111

There are also contacts for mobile apps:

  • TAPPSI
  • Easy Taxi
  • UBER

Car Rental

To rent a car you will need to reserve your car ahead of time by contacting any major car rental company. Most major rental companies have offices and services at El Dorado International Airport in Bogotá, and booking ahead of travel will mean that your car is ready for you when you arrive. Bogotá has imposed congestion restriction laws that bar cars with specific end-numbers on their license plates from driving in the city during certain times. Check with your selected car rental company about any driving restrictions that may apply.

EL DORADO INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT

El Dorado International Airport is Colombia's primary hub for domestic and international flights. El Dorado Airport has a four-star rating on Skytrax, and has received an award for the Best Airport Staff in South America.

In the Heart of the Americas

  • Reachable from either New York City or Buenos Aires by a 5 hour direct flight 5 hours away from New York City on a direct flight or 5 hours away from Buenos Aires on a direct flight makes Bogotá.

Bogotá’s Connectivity in facts:

  • More than 700 weekly international direct flights.
  • Direct Connection to more than 43 countries.
  • 32 airlines fly to Bogotá.
  • A brand new airport: El Dorado.
  • El Dorado International Airport is Colombia´s main connection center for domestic and international flights.

EL DORADO AIRPORT

 

CITY AIRPORT

 

AIRLINES

AIRLINES

VISAS

A country that Welcomes You

Colombia welcomes foreigners from all over the world. Proof is that there are 96 countries that, according to the Foreign Affairs Ministry do not require VISA to visit our country.
Andorra, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Barbados, Belgium, Belize, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Butan, Canada, Chile, Chipre, Costa Rica, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Dominica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Estonia, Fiji, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Granada, Greece, Guatemala, Guyana, Holy See, Honduras, Hong Kong-SARG, Hungary, Indonesia, Irland, Island, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kazajstan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxemburg, Malasia. Malta, Marshall Islands, Mexico, Micronesia, Monaco, Montenegro, Netherlands, New Zeland, Norway, Palau, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Rumania, Russia, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Vincent and the Granadines, Salomon Islands, Samoa, San Marino, Santa Lucia, Serbia, Singapur, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Trinidad and Tobago, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States of America, Uruguay, Venezuela.
These countries do no require visa to enter Colombia in possession of a valid United States of America visa or Schengen visa. Cambodia, India, Myanmar, Republic of China, Thailand and Vietnam.

USEFUL INFORMATION

Coin

The official currency is the Colombian peso COP, its rate fluctuates daily, is official regarding the US dollar
Suggested places for exchange are exchange offices, which are located in the El Dorado International Airport in shopping centers and hotels. You can also make use of a network of ATMs that are all electronic cards. Do not forget to inform your bank that you will be in Bogota DC, Colombia, South America, to enable the use of your card.
Remember that if you enter the country an amount exceeding USD 10 000, is required to declare in the form Declaration and Luggage.
For more information visit: www.banrep.gov.co

Health

Bogotá has a wide network of public and private hospitals recognized internationally.
In Bogotá there are health and water supply complete coverage, you can even drink tap water without any problems. In October, the rainy season, there are frequent respiratory and viral diseases such as influenza. Its location at 2,600 meters above sea level, diseases transmitted by mosquitoes zika type or chikungunya are not present in the city.
If you have allergies or health problems due to some foods, always ask what ingredients go to eat. Colombian cuisine is varied. Always carry identification documents such as passport, identity card, certificate card or health insurance.
Vaccinations: If you come from South American countries like Venezuela, Peru, Ecuador, Bolivia, Panama, the Guianas or any African nation, should be vaccinated against yellow fever 10 days before your trip, because it is a key to enter Colombia requirement. The Ministry of Health of their respective country must certify the vaccine.
medical care and purchase of medicines: Those wishing to visit Colombia should purchase travel insurance with medical care coverage and emergency hospital care. As for drugs that do not require a prescription can be purchased at drug stores and pharmacies. You should verify that the package has printed the expiration date.

Bogotá energy is 110 volts and electrical outlets are American type: two planes input pins.

Communications

The target for Colombia is 57
To make international calls from Colombia using a landline telephone: dial the prefix 005, 007 or 009 + country code - area code + phone number.
To make long distance calls within Colombian territory from a landline: you must dial 05, 07 or 09 + city code + phone number desired.
Cell to cell: you must dial a ten-digit number
Fixed phone: 03 + 10 digit number.
Cellular Fixed: 03 + city code + phone number.

Emergency numbers

From any cell phone or landline may be contacted with the 123 free for emergencies.
As well:

  • 112 - National Police
  • 119 - Fire
  • 132 - Red Cross
  • 126 - Highway Police
  • 127 - Transit
  • Switch the Mayor of Bogota - 0057-1-3813000 ext. 1901

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